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Insegnare con bellezza. Tecniche di ripresa. Campo controcampo e regola dei 180Ai??.

Alberto Pian

Se si vogliono inquadrare due soggetti che parlano disposti frontalmente, bisogna tenere conto di una regola “holliwoodiana”, che A? entrata nella percezione comune occidentale (non i tutte le culture, infatti, questa regola A? fondamentale o, addirittura, conosciuta e applicata). I concettiAi??da considerare sono quelli della “linea di ripresa” e del “campo Ai??controcampo”.


 

La linea di ripresa stabilisce la posizione delle machine da presa lungo un determinato asse.Ai??In effetti dobbiamo cercare di trasmettereAi??allo spettatore il senso del movimento e la direzione degli sguardi fra soggetti che parlano fra loro. Dobbiamo sapere che questa regola A? conosciuta anche come “regolaAi??dei 180Ai??”. Immaginiamo che attorno ai soggetti che si parlano (i fumetti nell’immagine qui sotto), sia disegnato un cerchioAi??e che le macchine da presa (i quadratini viola), siano disposte nello stesso semicerchio eAi??non possano superare il diametro tracciato da una linea di separazione.

Schermata 2016-08-15 alle 08.51.52

Se facessimo diversamente, nella nostra cultura “occidentale”, sembrerebbeAi??che gli interlocutori guardino nella stessa direzione e che gli sguardi non si incrocino. Questa disposizione delle macchine da presa, si chiamaAi??campo – controcampo. Da notare che perAi??controcampo dobbiamo pensare aAi??unai??i??inquadratura contraria maAi??simmetrica.

Questa tecnica A? stata spessoAi??contestataAi??ed A? stata oggetto di sperimentazione.

Se non rispettassimo questa regola, avremo una conversazione astratta, surreale. Eppure, come vedremo in successive trattazioni di questo argomento, in culture diverse dalla nostra questa regola non esiste.

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